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Neutering 

Neutering CatsNEUTERING CATS

FEMALES

Young cats mature between 6- 12 months of age and first come into season the first spring after maturity. During the breeding season (January- May, July and August), your cat will be constantly in season. When in season she will become restless and vocal and may stray in the search for a mate. It is therefore strongly recommended your cat is kept inside until she has been neutered.

Very careful consideration should be taken if you are thinking of breeding from you cat as the process is not always as simple as it may at first seem and this can be discussed with the nurse or vet.

It is highly recommended to have your cat neutered as it will not only prevent the risk of unwanted pregnancies but neutering at an earlier age also reduces the risks of mammary cancer in the future. The risks involved in her wandering from home in the search for a mate are also reduced. It has also been shown that neutered animals live for longer.

MALES

Male cats become sexually mature from approximately 6 months of age. At this age the male will become territorial and exhibits this by marking out his area by spraying pungent smelling urine at different points.

Once mature the male will begin to stray from home in the search for a mate. The calling female will attract many males and fighting can occur, leading to painful injuries and in turn the increased risk of contracting serious illnesses such as Feline Leukaemia Virus and Feline Aids (FIV).

The Procedure

Your cat can be neutered any time from 6 months of age, and it is recommended to be done as early as possible.

An appointment must be made for the morning of the procedure as a nurse will admit your cat. During the admission the nurse will run through a form of consent and answer any queries you have regarding the procedure.

Your cat will then be taken through to be examined by the vet to assess their fitness for surgery.

In females the procedure carried out is a full ovario-hysterectomy meaning both the ovaries and uterine horns are removed. Access is made via the flank so she will have a small wound and shaved area on her side following surgery.

In males a small patch is shaved from both testicles then a small incision is made and both of the testicles are removed.

The operation takes approximately 20 minutes in males and 30 minutes in females and a nurse will ring you once your cat is conscious to let you know how they are doing, an appointment will then be made for you to collect them later that afternoon.

After care

At collection the nurse will fully run through post operative care of your pet. This will include the need for warmth and peace and quiet once home, and the requirement for a light meal such as chicken and rice or hills i/d tins available from the vets.

It is necessary for the vet to re-see females at 14 days to removed stitches, but males are only seen again if concern arises as only a very small incision is made and so no sutures are placed.

Weight Gain

Hormonal changes occurring following neutering can cause some weight gain, but this can be avoided with dietary management. Neutered cat diets are now available which have been carefully developed to meet the needs of neutered cats and contain controlled levels of calories.


 

neutering dogsNEUTERING DOGS

FEMALE DOGS

A female dog can be spayed from the age of 6months, preferably before her 1st season.

Seasons last between 3-4weeks and are both messy and inconvenient as she will be passing blood stained fluid for the first 9days. When this changes to straw coloured discharge, she will accept and attract males from miles around.

Sometimes no matter what precautions you take, accidental mating can happen.

Leaving your bitch entire runs the risk of her becoming

  • Pregnant,
  • Unwanted litters,
  • Developing mammary tumours
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Pyometra- accumulation of pus in the uterus, which needs emergency surgery.  Occurs 4-6weeks after being in season and can be fatal.

MALE DOGS

A male dog can be castrated from 6months of age. Some entire dogs start to show behavioral problems relating to the increased amount of testosterone in there system. These include

  • Sexual behaviour
  • Aggression
  • Excessive marking
  • Straying

Castration can reduce this and also prevent

  • Unwanted litters
  • Testicular tumours
  • Prostate problems

An entire dog can smell a bitch in season from almost 10miles away! It is likely that he will escape, destroying things in his way such as kennels and fences to get to her.

The Procedure

Your dog can be neutered any time from 6 months of age, and it is recommended to be done as early as possible.  An appointment must be made for the morning of the procedure as a nurse will admit your dog. During the admission the nurse will run through a form of consent and answer any queries you have regarding the procedure.  Your dog will then be taken through to be examined by the vet to assess their fitness for surgery.

In females the procedure carried out is a full ovario-hysterectomy meaning both the ovaries and uterine horns are removed.

In males a small patch is shaved from both testicles then a small incision is made and both of the testicles are removed.

The operation takes approximately 20 minutes in males and 40 minutes in females and a nurse will ring you once your dog is conscious to let you know how they are doing, an appointment will then be made for you to collect them later that afternoon.

After care

At collection the nurse will fully run through post operative care of your pet. This will include the need for warmth and peace and quiet once home, and the requirement for a light meal such as chicken and rice or hills i/d tins available from the vets.

A follow up appointment will then be made with the nurse at 14 days to removed the stitches.

Weight Gain

Hormonal changes occurring following neutering can cause some weight gain, but this can be avoided with dietary management. Neutered cat diets are now available which have been carefully developed to meet the needs of neutered cats and contain controlled levels of calories.

Neutering

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